Competition Commission To Investigate Hong Kong Seaport Alliance.

Legal News & Analysis - Asia Pacific - Hong Kong - Competition & Antitrust

20 January, 2019


The Competition Commission recently launched a formal investigation into whether the Hong Kong Seaport Alliance (Seaport Alliance) has contravened the Hong Kong competition rules.


According to the press release of the Competition Commission, the members of the Seaport Alliance have entered into a joint operating agreement to operate and manage their 23 berths across 8 terminals at Kwai Tsing Container Terminals in the New Territories. The Seaport Alliance was formed by container terminal operators Hongkong International Terminals Limited, Modern Terminals Limited, COSCO-HIT Terminals (Hong Kong) Limited and Asia Container Terminals Limited.


The Hong Kong Shippers’ Council and other trade and logistics industry members have voiced concerns about the Seaport Alliance, which is reported to hold a market share of approximately 95%.


The Competition Commission will investigate whether the Seaport Alliance contravenes the First Conduct Rule of the Competition Ordinance, which prohibits agreements that have the objective or effect to prevent, restrict or distort competition in Hong Kong.


On 10 January, the Competition Commission announced that an investigation into the Seaport Alliance will be carried out as a matter of priority. The Competition Commission has broad investigation and enforcement powers, which include issuing notices for businesses to cease anti-competitive practices and bringing legal actions before the specialised competition law court, the Competition Tribunal.


The Competition Tribunal has the power to impose a wide range of sanctions on businesses and individuals found to have contravened, or been involved in the contravention of, the competition rules, including pecuniary penalties and director disqualification orders. Contravening parties are further exposed to private follow-on actions for damages.




The Competition Commission’s announcement of its investigation into the Seaport Alliance shows that competition enforcement is on the rise in Hong Kong. Businesses are advised to carefully review their relevant agreements and practices to ensure full compliance with the Competition Ordinance.


For further information, please contact:


Machiuanna Chu, Partner, Deacons